The American Revolution is bad precedent for today's individuals-against-the-government reading of the Second Amendment. The state governments sent representatives to Congress, which created a Continental Army made up of troops recruited by the states. General Washington, the duly designated commander, tried mightily to turn the rag-tag militias into well-regulated military units.
The fundamental justification for creating this revolutionary army was to protest against a monarchy which refused even token representation to the colonies. It is hard to imagine a scenario in the United States in which a legally constituted authority had no democratic means for redress of grievances.
The Second Amendment protects the rights of citizens to join a well-regulated militia, of which we have several levels. The idea that every citizen constitutes a legitimate “militia of one” is as archaic as the idea of quartering troops in citizens’ homes.