Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Is There a Theological Doctrine Against Exaggerating Dangers?

I am reading William Bouwsma's excellent portrait of John Calvin.  Bouwsma emphasizes that Calvin was a rhetorician, not a cool scholar.  He was a pastor, trying to persuade his listeners to change their lives.  Calvin also read the Bible as rhetoric of the same kind.

One of the main tools of persuasive rhetoric is to exaggerate the dangers that the audience faces if they continue their present lives.

In my work on happiness, I have concluded that the main solvent of the happy society is fear.  Fear mongers are a great danger to a happy society, because they undermine trust, and obscure how much the good actions of most people make the world better.

Which leads me to look for a religious limit to fear-mongering.  There is, of course, the general commandment against lying.  But I can't think of a specific religious doctrine or practice the guards against overstating the dangers of this world.

Overstating dangers is bad for the credibility and legitimacy of religious organizations, as we can see from the short life-span of doomsday cults. As a practical matter, most religious institutions that last more than a couple of generations do learn to tone down the end-times rhetoric, and start to build for the indefinite future.

Still, I can't think of a religious justification that I have run across for telling the strict truth about dangers and fears. 


dennistheeremite said...

I often think about the destructiveness of fear mongering. It diverts us from positive action and robs us of resilience. The Bible has much more to say about a false sense of security. But is there a market for fear that comes from the desire for inaction (the temptation of "the sluggard") that says, "There is a lion outside!" like in Proverbs ? There is the bad report from the majority of the spies that Moses sent to the Promised land, saying that the enemy was too strong. There is John saying that perfect love casts out fear. There is Paul saying that God did not give us a spirit of timidity, but a spirit of power, of love and of self-discipline.

Poochie. said...

Jesus exaggerated too. He taught his imminent return.

Justin Case said...

Seems to me you've just outlined some very strong secular justifications against exaggerating dangers (i.e., applicable to everyone). Why would you need to find specifically religious ones (applicable only to members of a particular religion)?

Gruntled said...

Religious grounds are not applicable to people of only one religion. Rather, they offer distinctly religious reasons for an action, as one might offer distinctly political or scientific reasons for an action.