Putnam and Campbell note that the main religious families do differ significantly on women's roles, but only on a few points. About half of American denominations allow women clergy, for example, and half do not.
However, in their roles in the world, both very religious and very secular women have followed a similar path. In 1970, secular women were 10 to 15 percentage points more involved in the work force. There is a similar gap today. However, both groups have increased their participation in the work force at the same rate.
Likewise, today religious women have more traditional gender views than secular women do, but both groups have liberalized since 1970 to the same extent.
The most religious fifth of women today are more liberal on gender than the most secular women were in 1970.